The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. Flowers have long been admired by humans to beautify their environment and also as objects of romance, ritual, religion, medicine and as a source of food. Read more interesting facts about our Top 10 Most Beautiful Flowers in the World post.
10. Blue Bells
This flower blooms during spring producing a nodding one-sided dark blue blossoms. Its nodded stem better called as raceme holds at least 5 to 12 inflorescence of sweetly scented flowers. Blue bells are usually found in Atlantic areas such as Spain, and the British Isles.
Its flowers are sweetly scented and have leaves that grow from the base of the plant measuring 7 to 16 millimetres wide. This flower also is commonly used as a garden plant which grows from a bulb. Also, its seeds are black, and they germinate on the soil surface. This blue bell was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his seminal work 1753.
9. Asian bleeding heart
This flower originated from Asia then was introduced to England in early 1840 by Scottish botanist, Robert fortune. This flower is dormant during summer. Its shape contributes to its name with a droplet beneath each bloom.
Its outer color of petals is fuchsia-pink while the inner ones are white. The flower grows about up to 120 centimetres tall and 45 centimetres wide. It grows where there is a cool climate in full sun but would best require a little shade when cultivated in a dry and warm place.
The flower is white or yellow with either uniform or contrasting coloured sepals or corona. The plant has various common names including daffadowndilly, narcissus and jonquil. Daffodils were well known in ancient civilization, both medicinally and botanically. Some of the daffodils have become extinct threatened by urbanization and tourism.
Today, daffodils are popular as cut flowers and as ornamental plants in private and public gardens. For horticultural purposes, daffodils are classified into divisions, covering a wider range of shapes and colors. Also, the plant is associated with some themes in different cultures, ranging from death to good fortune and as symbols of spring. The daffodil is the national Flower of Wales and the symbol of cancer charities in many countries.
7. Calla Lily
Calla lily flower grows from 0.6 to 1 meter tall with large clumps of broad, arrow-shaped dark green leaves up to 45 centimetres long. The flower contains calcium oxalate, and ingestion of the raw plant may cause severe burning sensation and swell of the lips, tongue and throat; stomach pain and diarrhoea may also occur. Calla lily and its cultivars have gained the Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
It has become an important symbol of Irish republicanism and nationalism since 1926 to commemorate the Fallen of Easter 1916 and onwards. It is the national flower of the island nation of Saint Helena, where it grows widely. In some parts of Australia, it has been classified as toxic and pest.
Magnolia is an ancient genus. This flower is theorized to have evolved to encourage pollination by beetles. To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the carpels of Magnolia beetles are tough.
Another aspect of this flower considered to represent an ancestral state is that the flower bud is enclosed in a bract rather than in sepals. The flowers are bisexual with numerous adnate carpels and stamens are arranged in a spiral fashion on the elongated receptacle. The pollen is monocolpate, and the embryo development is of the Polygonum type. The magnolia flower is the official state flower of Mississippi, same as through with its tree.
These flowers were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb in the 15th century BC. Over 500 cultivars had been recovered by the year 1630. The plant is particularly significant during the Double Ninth Festival. The “Festival of Happiness” in Japan celebrates the flower. The flower heads occur in various forms and can be daisy-like or decorative, like pom poms or buttons.
Over 140 varieties of it gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. Chrysanthemum blooms are divided into ten different bloom forms by the US National Chrysanthemum Society, Incorporated, which is in keeping with the international classification system. Each bloom is composed of many florets, capable of producing seed. The ray florets are considered imperfect flowers as they only possess the female reproductive organ, while the disk florets possess the male and female reproductive organs.
Tulips are spring-blooming perennial that grows from bulbs. The tulip’s leaf is strap-shaped with a waxy-coating, and the leaves are alternately arranged on the stem. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes.
This flower is indigenous to mountainous areas with temperate climates and needs a period of cool dormancy, known as vernalization. Also, the tulips were seen as a symbol of abundance and indulgence during the Ottoman Empire or the Tulip era.
These flowers are native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and South America. Plumerias are most fragrant at night to lure sphinx moths to pollinate them. Plumeria species may be propagated easily from cuttings of leafless stem tips in spring. In culture, Plumerias are said to be sheltering ghosts and demons.
The scent of plumeria has been associated with a vampire in Malay folklore, the Pontianak. They are associated with temples in Hindu and Buddhist cultures. In some Bengali culture, most white flowers of it are associated with funerals and death. In the Philippines, it is well-known as “kalachuchi” which is often associated with ghosts and graveyards and are also common ornamental plants in houses, parking lots and etc.
There are 42 species of dahlia commonly grown as garden plants. Also, dahlias contain many transposons, genetic pieces that move from place to place upon an allele which contributes to their manifesting such great diversity.
It was declared the national flower of Mexico in 1963. Like most plants that do not attract pollinating insects through scent, they are brightly colored, displaying most hues, with the exception of blue.
The name of the flower rose was derived from Latin word Rosa. Rose plants range in size from compact, miniature roses, to climbers that can reach seven meters in height. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often with sharp prickles. There are over 100 types of this plant and thousands of cultivars. Most of its species have five petals with exception of Rosa sericea, which usually has four.
Each petal of it are divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink. The aggregate fruit of a rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. Most of the domestic cultivars do not produce hips, as the flowers are so tightly petalled that they do not provide access for pollination. The hips are eaten by fruit-eating birds such as thrushes and waxwings, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings. The prickles along a rose stem are outgrowths of the epidermis. The prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks. A few species of roses have only vestigial prickles that have no points. Despite the prickles, rose is frequently browsed by deer.