Top 10 Rarest Flowers in the World

You may have seen various types and beauty of flowers. Most are common and some maybe strange, they may differ in color, size, beauty, shape, smell etc. But it’s best to see how rare they are and how come they’ve been told as rare species of such kind.

There are some types of flowers which may be found in other countries that are also common in your place. In most places, some flowers are rare as seasons differ from each country and flowers may have their type of taste buds though depending on the quality of the soil whereas, several flowers are classified as common when they are easily propagated and are rare when it is nearly difficult to propagate. Read Top 10 Rarest Flowers in the World to know the amazing facts about these rarest flowers.

10. Campion (Silene Tomentosa)

Silene Tomentosa campion flowerThe Gibraltar Campion is a very rare flowering plant which belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae. It is a type of flower endemic to Gibraltar. It is a woody-based perennial about 40 cm high, with bilobed flowers ranging from pink to pale violet colors.

By 1992, the scientific community outside Gibraltar considered it to be extinct then was rediscovered in 1994 when it was found growing in the Upper Rock nature reserve. Then it was propagated at the millennium seed bank and kept its type specimen at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London. Also, it is protected by the Law of Gibraltar under Nature Protection Act of 1991.


9. Jade Vine (Strongylodon Macrobotlys)

jade vine creepy wild flower plant treeThis type of rare plant grows beside streams in damp forests, or in ravines. It is a species of leguminous perennial woody vine, a native of the tropical forests of the Philippines with stems that can reach 18cm length. Its locale name was “Tayabak”. It is closely related to beans such as kidney bean and runner bean. Its color varies from blue-green to mint green.

The plant has been grown at Kew for many years but, until 1995, it had never produced seed. After careful studies of the flower structure, scientists from the Jodrell Laboratory managed to pollinate the flowers successfully so that seeds developed. Now it is likely quaint to witness such beauty of a flower as deforestation threatened it in its natural habitat, Philippines.


8. Parrot’s Beak (Lotus Berthelotii)

Parrot’s Beak Lotus flowerMaking it to the number eight on the list is the Parrot’s Beak. It has been classified as exceedingly rare since 1884 and is native to the Canary Islands. It is believed these are originally pollinated by sunbirds which are long gone extinct. Experiments have been conducted to check out if these species found other pollinators but none of the conducted experiments has been successful as of 2008.

In 1884, it was classed as “exceedingly rare”. Its leaves are divided into 3 to 5 slender leaflets, densely covered with fine silvery hairs. Its colors vary from orange to red. This flower from the Canary island appear to be adapted for bird pollination. It was once thought that its original pollinators used to be sunbirds, which are long time gone on the Canary Islands explaining the reason of it being classed as rare and considered as endangered.


7. Chocolate Cosmos (Cosmos Astrosanguineus)

Chocolate Cosmos flowerI wonder how yummy would it be to sense this flower.  Noticed on the list as number 7, is the Chocolate Cosmos. Emitting a vanillin fragrance in the summer and a rich deep brown colored flower native to Mexico has been extinct in the wild for over 100 years ago.

This species is a native to Mexico, whereas it is considered to be extinct in the wild. It was introduced to cultivation in 1902 reproduced by vegetative propagation. It grows from 40 to 60 cm tall. These type of flower emits a vanillin fragrance like that of many chocolates which become noticeable as summer takes its place.


6. Koki’o (Kokkai Cookei)

Koki’o Kokkai CookeiSource and image: en.wikimedia.org

Drifting sixth on the list, like a flower so willing to adapt, comes from a tree in Hawaii. The Koki’o tree was discovered in 1860. It grows 10-11 meters high and mature Koki’os annually produces hundreds of bright, red flowers. It is Hawaii’s state flower also known as Hibiscus.

This plant no longer exists in the wild. Only three of it were discovered in the wild in the 1860s. All those three did not survive but as luck may grant it, cuttings of the plant were taken from a yard in Moloka’i before fire destroyed the whole of it and is now successfully propagated.


5. Kadupul Flower (Epiphyllum Oxypetalum)

Kadupul Fower Epiphyllum OxypetalumSource and image: en.wikimedia.org

Listed as number 5, is spiritually significant to Buddhists is found in the land of Sri Lanka. It is an easily cultivated type of flower yet considered as rare as it is shy to bloom thus, only bloom at night and mysteriously wither before dawn is the Kadupul Flower.  As for the Japanese, the Kadupul Flower also has a rich History in their country, whereas the name can be translated as “Beauty under the moon”.

Also known as Dutchman’s pipe or queen of the night. It is a species of cactus and one of the most cultivated species in the genus. They call it Brahma Kamalam in India, named after the Hindu god of creation, Lord Brahma. It is also believed that anyone who wishes and prays to God while the flower is blooming will be fulfilled. This flower is native to Central America and northern South America. It blooms beautifully in the night and mysteriously withers before dawn. Chinese use this flower to describe  someone who has an impressive but very brief moment of glory, since the flower takes a year to bloom and only blooms over a while.


4. Ghost Orchid

Ghost OrchidSource and image: en.wikimedia.org

Loyally residing in the forests of Cuba, the Ghost Orchid landed as top 4 of the rarest flowers in the world. It’s been considered as one of the rarest yet fascinating as it is nearly impossible to propagate. It releases fragrant odor blooming between the months of June and August and can live underground for years too, usually growing under cypress trees and has been materialized recently after 20 years of presumed extinction.

The plant consists large mass of photosynthetic roots anchored as a network on trees. It is found in forests of the Caribbean islands. The bulk of the plant of the plant consists flat cord-like green roots with distinctive track marks which are called pneumatodes which functions much like that of stomata allowing the photosynthetic roots to perform gas exchange supporting photosynthesis processes. This plant is intolerant of water with high levels of dissolved salts which may result in the roots dying off from the tips. Continued exposure to chlorine contaminated water usually kill these plants.


3. Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers (Cypripedium Calceolus)

Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers flowerDancing in at number 3 and a wildly rare orchid is the Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers, scientifically “Cypripedium Calceolus” which has been under strict police protection since 1917, was once found across Europe and are now growing in Britain but in only an odd place: golf course. Better secured than life right?

It is a type of orchid which is typically found in open woodland on moist calcareous soils. Its decline in the 20th century over much of the continent of Europe resulted in legal protection in some countries. A reintroduction program then is in place for the lady’s slipper orchid which led to a population of hundreds of plants as of 2003. This does not occur in North America.


2. Youtan Poluo

Youtan PolouSource and image: en.wikimedia.org

Landing next to the rarest is a quite a wonder. The Youtan Poluo, whereas in Sanskrit means “an auspicious flower from heaven” composed of 28 minuscule white sweet-smelling flowers measuring a small 1mm., was believed only to bloom when the Sage King of the future visits the present world. Botanical experts then stated that the flower blooms once every 300 years, how’d you think they found it out? Quite a wonder.

This flower is directly linked to Buddhism as confessed that it only blooms every after 3,000 years. Quite a wonder, how’d they know that? It is seen as a deathlessness symbol in Buddhism. This flower is pretty tiny, might miss a look at it. However in 2007, a farmer from China named Mr. Ding, happened to see a Youtan Poluo growing on his steel pipe in his garden. Since then, the flower have been claimed all over the world from Taiwan, Korea, United States of America and Germany. It looks like lacewing eggs laid on threads to keep the aggressive young from eating each other, then when the eggs hatched, tadaa! Mystery ends.


1.Corpse Flower
rarest Corpse Flower

Also known as Titan Arum which the legendary Sir David Attenborough first used to refer to this magnificent tropical plant. While in Indonesia, they call it Corpse Flower or Rafflesia. The “Corpse Flower” is actually not a single flower but a stalk of many flowers, “inflorescence” for short, requiring at least 7 years to bloom and may take even longer. It was first discovered in Indonesia by an Italian botanist, Odoardo Beccari in 1878. It is a flowering plant which is stemless and is one of the largest and rarest flowers in the world. The plant emits a rotten flesh odor. It grows in the low-lying rainforest floors of Sumatra, Indonesia. It reaches over 10 feet in height.

Its spathe is a deep green on the outside and dark burgundy red on the inside with a deeply burrowed texture. Its foul odor attracts flies and beetles which attempt to pollinate it. Also, its deep red color contributes to the illusion that the spathe is a piece of meat. After the flower dies back, a single leaf is growing on somewhat green stalk from an underground corm that which when stored enough energy stored, it becomes dormant for at least four months, reaching the size of small tree branches into three sections at the top, each contains many leaflets. Its leaf structure can reach up to 6 meters and 5 meters across.